Some time ago, when I was watching a short news video, I happened to mention a news about “lost coffee” returning to people’s sight, so it aroused my curiosity. The news mentioned an unpopular term “Narrow Leaf Coffee”. I like coffee like that. It is the first time I have heard about this term for many years. I also searched for some relevant information on the Internet, only to find that a few years ago, everyone had been discussing this coffee that had been neglected for hundreds of years.
Do you still remember a widely circulated rhetoric in the past two days, that is, the news that wild coffee may die out due to climate change in the near future? We don’t know whether it will disappear, but the only thing that can be confirmed is the current The coffee development path must take into account the sustainable development, but also consider how we can make every link in the entire coffee industry chain have a way to continue to benefit from joint efforts.
Angustifolia coffee, often referred to as the “Sierra Leone Highland Coffee” in botany, is actually one of the 124 coffee plants that exist in the wild. Researchers at the Royal Botanic Garden (Kew) confirmed that due to climate change, deforestation, pests and diseases With the combined effect of other factors, 60% of plants are now threatened with extinction. So far, the coffee industry has almost only focused on the cultivation of two varieties: high-quality Arabica and low-quality but high-yield Robusta, which people know about many other wild coffees on the list. Very little.
Most of the information about this species recorded in history comes from the “Miscellaneous Information Bulletin” of the Royal Botanic Garden in 1896. In 1898, a narrow-leaf plant collected from the Royal Botanic Garden in Trinidad produced fruit. The Royal Botanic Garden The person in charge announced that it tastes good and is equivalent to “the best Arabica”. However, in the forests of some West African countries, wild Angustifolia coffee has not been recorded since 1954.
Until December 2018, Dr. Aaron Davis, a botanist at the Royal Botanic Gardens, and Jeremy Haag, a botanist at the University of Greenwich, set out for Sierra Leone to find this mysterious plant. At the same time, Aaron Davis published a landmark report in the journal Nature Plants.
In this report, let us know that this type of coffee is mainly grown in West African countries. At the same time, the taste of coffee is similar to Arabica, and it can withstand temperatures up to 24.9°C. The report pointed out that coffee Expanding the climate range suitable for high-quality coffee cultivation, it is possible to cultivate coffee plants that are resistant to climate change and produce high-quality coffee under more challenging conditions.
In addition, Angustifolia coffee was found in Côte d’Ivoire in West Africa, and the fruit was sent to the CIRAD sensory analysis laboratory in Montpellier. The samples were evaluated by coffee experts from well-known companies such as JDE, Nespresso and Belco. As a result, 81% of the judges could not distinguish between the coffee and Arabica coffee. Some experts believe that in the next 5-7 years, we will see this coffee enter the market as a high-end coffee, and it will soon become civilians.
Post time: Jul-10-2021